Saturday, November 7, 2015

Physicists Discovered New State of Matter: "Phantom" Dropletons Emerge from Electron Hole

Aaron from Manifest Destiny Triforce is helping me with sharing interesting content on SITS. Here is an article he found recently. 

Andrew Almand-Hunter, a graduate student at the University of Colorado Joint Institute for Lab Astrophysics fired lasers at Gallium Arsenide, a metallic superconductor, producing "dropletons." This a type of matter that is induced in the space left behind by an escaping electron but has no physical substance of its own. In other words, when the lasers fire on the material an electron escapes the lattice and a type of phantom matter is formed by the surrounding structures energy as it compensates from the event.

The fact that this new state of matter is created by electromagnetic processes of the photon electron collision suggests that the universe is most likely much more electric than what mainstream science may want to admit. And that information maybe stored in the lattice allowing it to produce the new form matter, much like water stores information in homeopathy. 

This is also an example of how the universe generates organization in the void left by a chaotic event. Therefore nothing in the universe is truly random, but actually a causal chain of events; a grand harmony of coordination and synthesis. Alchemy is essentially the study of this generative principle, the art of enhancing and improving that which already exists. 

Related The Theory and Practice of Alchemy - "it is the process of increasing and improving that which already exists"
- Justin

By: Colbeigh Spero

There was a time when states of matter were simple: Solid, liquid, gas. Then came plasma, Bose -Einstein condensate, supercritical fluid and more. Now there;s more, with a new state dubbed “dropletons” .

“I remember the time when states of matter were pretty simple: Solid, liquid and gas. Then came plasma state, supercritical fluid, Bose -Einstein condensate and more. Now this list of states of matter has grown by one more, with the surprising discovery of a new state dubbed “dropletons” that shows some similarity to liquids but occur under very unlike circumstances.
The discovery of new state of matter occurred when a team of scientists at the University of Colorado Joint Institute for Lab Astrophysics were concentrating laser light on gallium arsenide (GaAs) to generate excitons.” said
“Excitons are made when a photon strikes a material, mostly a semiconductor. If an electron is knocked loose, or excited, it leaves what is labelled as “electron hole” behind. If the forces of other charges at very close distance keep the electron close enough to the hole in order to feel an attraction, a certain state forms called as an Exciton. 

Excitons are also called quasiparticles because the holes and electrons act together as if they were like a single particle. If this all sounds a little hard to relate to, then just consider that solar cells are semiconductors, so the development of excitons is one likely step to the production of electricity. An improved understanding of how excitons behave and form could yield ways to harvest sunlight more proficiently. 

Graduate student Andrew Almand-Hunter was creating biexcitons – two excitons that behave just like a molecule, he did this by concentrating the laser to a dot about 100nm across and leaving it on for smaller and shorter portions of a second.

“But the experiment didn’t behave at all in the way we expected,” Almand-Hunter said. When the pulsations were durable for less than 100 millionths of a second exciton density extended to a dangerous threshold. “We expected to see the energy of the biexcitons increase as the laser generated more electrons and holes. But, what we saw when we did the experiment was that the energy actually decreased!”
The team guessed that they had produced something other than biexcitons, but they were not sure what. They called theorists at Philipps-University, Marburg who proposed they had made droplets of 4, 5 or 6 electrons and holes, and built a model of these dropletons’ behavior.
The dropletons are small enough to act quantum mechanically, but the electrons and holes are not in pairs, as they would be if the dropleton was just a group of excitons. Instead of it they produce a “quantum fog” of holes and electrons that flow about each other and even swell like a liquid, rather than existing as discrete pairs. Unlike liquids which we are familiar with, dropletons forms a finite size, exterior to which the electron/hole association breaks down.
This discovery has been published in Nature. Possibly the most extraordinary thing is that the dropletons are stable, by the standards of quantum physics.” said



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